Any give-and-take or give-and-take most the relation of linguistic communication together with gild or a multifariousness of linguistic communication functions inward society, should laid about amongst an agreement of the term gild together with language. Wardhaugh (2006: 1) defines a community equally a grouping of people who alive / lived together for a specific purpose, patch the linguistic communication equally spoken yesteryear a grouping of people inward gild at large.
Linguists larn the linguistic communication from unlike angles amongst the master copy focus on the construction of language, linguistic communication acquisition, linguistic communication use, linguistic communication users, together with changes inward aspects of language. In other words, linguistics is a scientific discipline that studies the linguistic communication or scientific discipline that takes the object language. As nosotros all know that the champaign of linguistic communication (linguistic) are classified into pure linguistics together with applied linguistics. Purely linguistic champaign includes phonetics, morphology, phonology, syntax, together with semantics. While the champaign of applied linguistics include linguistic communication teaching, translation, lexicography, together with then on.
According to Brumfit (1997) on Davies together with Elder (2004: 23), applied linguistics is an action theoretical together with scientific investigation of the existent problems inward which linguistic communication equally the master copy problem. Meanwhile, according to Schmitt together with Celce-Murcia (2002) yesteryear Davies together with Elder (2004: 24), applied linguistics equally an action using what nosotros know most (a) language, (b) how linguistic communication is learned, (c) how the linguistic communication is used, amongst the aim to obtain a solution or solving problems inward the existent world.
According to Hudson (1996) through Wardhaugh (2006: 13), sociology of language is a report of the linguistic communication amongst the community. Sociolinguistics hash out relationships amongst speakers of the linguistic communication equally a fellow member of Blue Planet who associate the business office of linguistic communication equally a agency of communication inward society. In other words, sociology of language an interdisciplinary science, which is betwixt sociology together with linguistics that receive got a really unopen connection. This is due both are almost inseparable influence on the procedure of implementation of communication activities inward the community.
Already a full general truth that all communication activities related to a device called a language. No exception is also inward the realm of education, relation to linguistic communication teaching. In this article volition hash out the relation Sociolinguistics (as 1 of the disciplines that involve the community inward the implementation of its linguistic activity) together with teaching (as 1 instance from the champaign of linguistic studies, which applied linguistics).
Sociolinguistic report is really wide, fifty-fifty when tuition for 1 semester is also it’s non going to last plenty to hash out this sociolinguistic study. It is true, a disputation that was never delivered yesteryear Prof. Pratomo that “So much textile that should last known inside a very, really limited.”
The master copy role of sociology of language inward the realm of educational activity became 1 of the concerns that distinguish betwixt the exercise of linguistic communication inward the classroom together with the exercise of linguistic communication inward the shelter / community. Language becomes the focus of attending is really of import inward the classroom because the linguistic communication has a crucial role inward teaching together with learning. All subjects, such equally mathematics too, requires a linguistic communication for teaching together with learning inward the classroom.
As an applied scientific discipline sociolinguistics should also address the number of educational activity together with linguistic communication teaching. Because educational activity together with teaching linguistic communication volition non last separated from social issues together with civilization where the linguistic communication teaching takes place. In improver to the textile to last taught the language, educational activity together with pegajaran linguistic communication requires cognition of how to teach, to whom the instruction was given, together with how to evaluate the results of the teaching.
In addition, the implementation of linguistic communication teaching must receive got into concern human relationship the community surround where linguistic communication teaching takes place. This may last the influence that may arise equally a reciprocal human relationship betwixt native linguistic communication (mother tongue) together with linguistic communication students are taught. No less of import is to consider the obstacles that may arise equally a number of the influence of the woman nurture natural language together with effort to minimize these obstacles.
Language teaching should pay attending to the target to last achieved yesteryear the teaching of the language. As the implications of these understandings tin last actualized inward the curriculum together with syllabus of linguistic communication learning, for example, the procedure of learning together with teaching inward English linguistic communication class. The next are examples of areas of sociolinguistic report that appears inward the procedure of teaching together with learning inward English linguistic communication class.
Linkages sociology of language inward English linguistic communication teaching tin last seen from 1 seem of the uncomplicated codes above, ie teacher-talk. Teacher-talk is the term used for a exceptional registers used yesteryear the instructor inward the classroom. Teacher-talk is a way of engaging students inward a item topic, using item approaches, together with supply data most the instructions inward the classroom.
One constituent of the uncomplicated codes (simple code) associated amongst the exercise of linguistic communication inward the classroom is teacher-talk. Krashen (2002: 121) states that at that topographic point are 3 aspects that are included inward the uncomplicated codes, ie teacher-talk, foreigner-talk, together with Interlanguage-talk. Teacher-talk is the linguistic communication used yesteryear teachers inward the classroom; foreigner-talk is a conversation conducted native speakers; together with Interlanguage-talk is a conversation conducted yesteryear pemeroleh about other instant language.
In improver to relating to teacher-talk, teaching English linguistic communication also reflects about other constituent of the report sociolinguistics, ie code-switching together with code-mixing. Code-switching (of code) are ordinarily used English linguistic communication teachers together with students inward the classroom inward the learning procedure that may arise due to changes inward the province of affairs that requires y’all to brand the switch code, misalanya of code 1 (English) to code ii (Indonesian) . Events over the code (code-switching) may occur, either because the factors of socio-situational.
Mixed code (code mixing) occurs when a linguistic communication speakers, for example, inward situations inward English linguistic communication class, the speakers comprise elements of Indonesian or regional linguistic communication into English linguistic communication conversation classes. In other words, somebody who spoke English linguistic communication amongst the master copy code (for example, inward a flat of English linguistic communication educational activity majors who exercise English linguistic communication equally the linguistic communication of the introduction) which has the business office equally autonom, patch the Indonesian code or linguistic communication areas involved inward the master copy code fragments without business office equally a code. Prominent features inward the mixed code is your ease or informal situations. In formal speaking situations, rare mix of code, inward instance of mixed code inward that acre because at that topographic point is no exact intelligence or phrase to supersede the linguistic communication that is beingness used.
Davies, A. & Elder, C. (Ed.). 2004. The Handbook of Applied Linguistics. Victoria: Blackwell Publishing.
Krashen, Stehen D. 2002. Second Language Acquisition together with Second Language Learning. California: Pergamon Press
Wardhaugh, Ronald. 2006. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. New York: Basil Blackwell Inc.