Literature is the facial expression of thoughts too ideas inward a language. It tin reverberate too limited human’s mind, feeling, too activities inward their ain life. It is a term used to depict written or spoken material. The term is unremarkably used to advert to run of creative imagination. Literature represents a linguistic communication or a people: civilisation too tradition (Mutmainnah, 2014: 1). There are simply about kinds of literary plant likes poems, brusk stories, novels or novelette, plays or dramas, too movies. This all literary plant volition give us enjoyment too select us into a large, close, too fresh relation to life (Welleck, 1977 citied on Mutmainnah, 2014, p. 1). Based on those theories, literature is the ideas from the human beingness which is expressing their feeling too their activities inward their existent life inward the cast of written too spoken material.
Introduction To Literature
The procedure of studying literature is the most beneficial than simply about other thing. This disputation is supported past times statements from simply about people. They Earth that they read literature for pleasance too enjoyment. But, in that place are simply about statements which Earth that if nosotros report literature to a greater extent than for that purpose, nosotros volition lose the life experience that nosotros mightiness never suffer inward the existent life. So, inward literature nosotros tin come upwards into a novel footing of experience that nosotros never endure, it endure, it opens upwards our heed into edge too deeper picture of human beingness life amongst all possibilities that nosotros tin never imagine (Mutmainnah, 2014, p. 3). So, the determination is that the of import affair from studying literature is non alone for pleasance too enjoyment but too for opened upwards our heed close the broader too deeper thinking from the human life amongst all possibilities that nosotros never recollect before.
Literature is bringing us to contact amongst the deepest reaction of the human heed elevates our minds; it helps to refine too enrich our feeling. Literature makes the reader to a greater extent than forbearing too forgiving past times widening the outlook too liberalizing the spirit. The results of studying literature are the improvement of sensibility too a sure enough depth of perception. It best gift are close liberty of the spirit too enlargement of the heed (Mutmainnah, 2014, p. 5). The determination is that studying literature volition give us simply about points of catch amongst deep perception close simply about literary plant likes poems, brusk stories, novels or novelette, plays or dramas, too movies. It has to do amongst the cast too contents (value too message) of literary works.
Every floor from kinds of literary plant must have the value. Value is something interest, something which search past times everyone, something nice, or something necessity. Value is identical amongst a positive affair (Mutmainnah, 2014, p. 15). While Jinas (citied on Mutmainnah, 2014, p. 15) value is “the addressee of a yes”, it agency that something that ever shown past times give-and-take “yes”. So, value ever comes inward our life amongst the best manner. Value is the top dog fundamental on the literary works.
Literature itself has a value. Begin from fine art values until values from massage. Values inward literature are the same every bit values inward life. Literature is non simply close life, it is life itself (Chase, 1965, p. 1 citied on Mutmainnah, 2014, p. 16). The mutual values that can move constitute inward the literary work are 4 values. They are (1) religious, (2) philosophical, (3) ethical, too (4) aesthetic values.
Religious values are ethical principles founded inward religious traditions, texts, too belief (Mutmainnah, 2014, p. 16). Religious value has the strongest basic of truth than other values because it has to do amongst the truth of Almighty. This value tin arouse confidence, belief, too faith. We must consider that Allah is the greatest creator too the greatest managing director for everything. People simply weak animal too cannot do anything without Allah permission (Mulyana, 2004, p.33 citied on Mutmainnah, 2014, p. 16). So, this value is the best values inward literature.
Philosophical values are value which is related to the life too honey deep thinking. It is supported past times statements from Mutmainnah (2014, p. 25) philosopical values that screen 2 aspects of human beings are life too love. They are attempts of human beings to recollect most speculatively too systematically close the universe too the human human relationship to that universe. Sherman (2005, p. 2) citied on Mutmainnah (2014, p. 25) states that the philosopical values are connected amongst the human mental attitude inward facing the problems inward the life. Philosopical values endeavour to encompass what people are too how their existence is. To bargain amongst that, they involve to empathize the essences of honey too life. The top dog indicate of studying philosopical values are how to honour out the essence of honey too life for practiced living inward this world.
Before nosotros utter deeper close Ethical Values, nosotros volition larn close what ethic is. Ethics is moral principles that regulation a person’s behaviour or the conducting of an activity, too the branch of cognition that deals amongst moral principles (Oxford). It is every bit the basic course of teaching of deciding our actions Without it, our actions would move random too aimless. The kinds of ethical values are ethics to God, ethics to people, ethics to nature, too ethics to ourselves (Mutmainnah, 2014, p. 42). The top dog indicate of ethical theory is to give a reasoned work concern human relationship of how people ought to move or act, individually or communically. Here, ethics is concerned amongst the justification of moral belief but non concerned amongst describing the sorts of moral views people inward human activity (Mutmainnah, 2014, p. 43). So, ethics is the value which is related to the practiced demeanour to everything. The way of someone human activity is called ethic.
The final nosotros utter close Aesthetics values or sometimes it is called esthetic. It is a branch of philosophy dealing amongst the nature of art, beauty, too taste, amongst the creation too appreciation of beauty (Mutmainnah, 2014, p. 50). It is to a greater extent than scientifically defined every bit the report of sensory or sensory-emotional values, sometimes called judgements of persuasion too taste. Aesthetics define every bit “critical reflection on art, culture, too nature” (www.wikipedia.com). Some aesthetics values inward the script are shown every bit simile adn metaphor form. It agency that the writer is showing how the beautiful they are inward figure out the thing. The determination is that Aesthetic value is the value which is related to the beauty of thing which evaluates something from the appearence.